Bambeke, F.V. and P.M. Tulkens. 1999. Fluoroquinolones: from structure to activity and toxicity.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2000. Ciprofloxacin resistance.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Update. 2000.  Studies show gonorrhea control again facing challenge of antibiotic resistance.

Clinical Toxicology Review.  1997.  The Fluoroquinolones.

Fauci, Anthony S. 1999. Antimicrobial Resistance: The NIH Response to a Growing Problem.

File, T.M. and T.G. Slama. 2000. Fluoroquinolones: Today and Into the Future.

Fox, K.K., J.S. Knapp. 1999. Antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Current Opinions in Urology. 9:65-70.

Fox, K.K., J.S. Knapp, K.K. Holmes, E.W. Hook, F.N. Judson, S.E. Thompson, J.A. Washington, and W.L. Whittington. 1997.  Antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the United States, 1988-1994: the emergence of decreased susceptibility to the fluoroquinolones. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 175:1396-1403.

Gershman, K. 1997. Antibiotic resistance and judicious antibiotic use.

Ison, C.A., P.J. Woodford, H. Madders, and E. Claydon. 1998. Drift in susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to ciprofloxacin and emergence of therapeutic failure. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 42:2919-2922.

Jones, R.B., J. Schwebke, E.M. Thorpe, Z.A. Dalu, P. Leone, R.B. Jonhnson, and the Trovofloxacin Gonorrhea Study Group. 1998. Randomized trial of trovofloxacin and ofloxacin for single-dose therapy of gonorrhea. American Journal of Medicine. 104:28-32.

Knapp, J.S., R. Ohye, S.W. Neal, M.C. Parekh, H. Higa, and R.J. Rice. 1994. Emergine in vitro resistance to quinolones in penicillinase-producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains in Hawaii. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 38:2200-2203.

Kocagoz, T., C.J. Hackbarth, I. Unsal, E.Y. Rosenberg, H. Nicaido, and H.F. Chambers. 1996. Gyrase mutation in laboratory-selected, fluoroquinolone-resistant mutants of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 40:1768-1774.

Mroczkowski, T.F., E.W. Hook, R.B.Jones, W.M. McCormack, and D.H. Martin. 1997. Grepafloxacin versus cefixime as single-dose therapy for uncomplicated gonorrhea in women. Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 5:370-375.

National Institutes of Health. 2000. Antimicrobial Resistance, NIAID Facts Sheet.

Toebe, C. 2001. Antibiotic Resistance.  City College of San Francisco. 1999. Gonorrhea.